What Should Hajj
Those Who Perform
Collected and Prepared by :
Khalid bin Abdullah bin Nasir Al-Ghailan
His Eminence: Shaikh - Abdullah Ibn Jibrin
His Eminence: Shaikh - Abdul Muhsin Al-Obaikan
Cooperative Office for Call and Guidance at Shifa
Riyadh Tel.: 4200620, Fax: 4221906
P.O.Box: 31717 - Riyadh: 11418
In the Name of Allah, The All-Merciful
All praise be to Allah and peace and blessings of Allah be upon His Prophet.
This is a brief pamphlet about the rites of Hajj (pilgrimage) and Umrah (Lesser Hajj) so that the Muslim can do these rites as the
Prophet (may peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) did them.
May Allah make this pamphlet of great benefit and accept from you and us our good deeds.
Dear Muslim, If you want to perform Hajj, you should intend to perform one of these three types of Hajj:-
1-Tamattu' (it is the best type of Hajj, here you intend in your heart to perform Umrah and say at Miqat (station of Ihram) “O Allah I am responding to you my Lord, by Umrah. You start performing Umrah, when you finish, you abandon and discard Ihram. Then you are allowed to discard all the prohibitions of Ihram. On the 8th Day of Zul Hijja you should intend Hajj as explained in this pamphlet and slaughter a sacrifice (a ram).
2- Ifrad (making Hajj only in the prescribed months of Hajj. Once you enter Ihram, you should intend Hajj by saying at the Miqat: "I am responding to you my Lord, by Hajj)".
3- Qiran (making Hajj and Umrah at the same time) Hajj and Umrah by saying: ``I am responding to you my Lord by Umrah and Hajj together'', when you reach the Ka'ba, you circle it seven times, this type of Tawaf is called Tawaf Al-Qudoum (Circumambulation of Arrival), then you make Sa'ee seven times between Safa and Marwah, you can perform this Sa'ee later after Tawaf-Al-Ifadah, but it is better to perform it after TawafAl-Qodoum. You will be in the state of Ihram till the Day of Nahr (Day of Sacrifice) and you will start to perform rites of Hajj on the 8th Day of Zul-Hijja As explained in this pamphlet be sure to sacrifice.
First: How to Perform Umrah:-
1- If a Muslim intends to perform Umrah, he should take off his clothes, take a bath and then perfume himself.
Taking a bath before assuming Ihram is (Sunnah) for both men and women.
2- After taking a bath, the Muslim puts on Ihram dress and prays if the time is for prescribed prayer, otherwise he should intend Umrah in the state of Ihram without praying. He says ``Oh Allah, I am responding to you by Umrah'', after that he should recite Talbiyah by raising his voice as follows:
``O my Lord, here I am at your service, here I am, There is no partner with You, here I am, truly, the praise and the provisions are Yours and so is the dominion and sovereignty, there is no partner with You''.
3- If the one who wants to assume Ihram fearing that any- thing may detain him from completing his rites, he can make his intention conditioned in state of Ihram by saying:-
“If I am detained by anything, my release from Ihram shall be where I am detained. In that case if he terminates his state of Ihram for some legal reason, such as illness or running out of money, he will be excused.”
4- When the Muslim enters the Holy Mosque, he should enter with his right foot and say the following prayer (du'a):
“In the Name of Allah and peace and blessings be upon the Messenger of Allah. O Allah! Forgive my sins, and open for me the doors of Your mercy. I seek refuge in Allah the Supreme and with His Noble Face and His eternal authority from the accursed devil”.
Then he moves to the Black Stone to start Tawaf from it, touches it with his right hand and kisses it. If he cannot do so, he points his hand at it. It is better not to hurt people in case of over crowding. When he touches the Black Stone, he says the following prayer:
“In the Name of Allah, Allah is Greatest, O Allah I do this believing in you, confirming Your book, in faithfulness to Your covenants and in compliance with the Sunna of Your Prophet Muhammad (blessing and peace be on him)”.
5- He should keep the Ka'aba on his left when he comes to the Yemeni Corner, he may preferably touch it with his right hand, but does not kiss it. It is desirable for him to recite between the Yemeni Corner and Black Stone the following supplication:-
“Our Lord grant us good in this world and good in the Hereafter and protect us from the torment of the Fire”. And when ever he comes to the Black Stone he says:
“Allah is the Greatest (Allahu Akbar)”.
He can say what he likes during the rest of Tawaf like supplication, remembrance, recitation of Holy Quran etc, for Tawaf, Sa'ee and pelting stones has been made for the remembrance of Allah.
6- A man should do two things during Tawaf-Al-Qodoum (Circumambulation of Arrival):-
(1) Throw the upper sheet of his Ihram garment over his left shoulder, leaving his right shoulder exposed which is called in Arabic (Idtiba').
(2) Secondly:- move quickly in the first three rounds, for the other four rounds he should walk normally and not to move quickly.
7- Having completed his seven circlings, he moves to the station of Ibrahim reciting the following verse:-
“And take you (people) the Maqam (place) of [Ibraham as a place of prayer''. [Sura 2, vserse 125]
Then he performs two rak'as, preferably behind the Station of Ibrahim - In the first rak'a he recites Sura 109 (Al-Kafirun, in the second Sura 112 (Al-Ikhlas).
8- After praying behind the Station of Ibrahim, he leaves for Safa (hill) and when he approaches Safa, he recites the verse:
“Verily, As-Safa and Al-Marwah (two mountains in Makkah) are of the Symbols of Allah. So it is not a sin on him who performs Hajj or ‘Umrah (pilgrimage) of the House (the Ka`bah at Makkah) to perform the going (Tawaf) between them (As-Safa and Al-Marwah). And whoever does good voluntarily, then verily, Allah is All-Reccogniser, All-Knower.” [Sura 2, Verse 158] and says: “I begin from which Allah has begun”.
Then he climbs Safa, till he sees the Ka'ba and facing it raising his hands and say whatever prayer he likes. The prayer of Prophet Muhammad when he climbed Safa was as follows:
“There is no God but Allah, He has no partner. Sovereignty belongs to Him and praise too, He fulfilled his promise, helped His servant and routed the hosts, all alone". Then he descends from Safa walking, and when he reaches the Green Posts, he is recommended to move quickly between the two Green Posts then he walks normally till he reaches Marwa. As he climbs the hill of Marwah, he prays and praises to Him, with his face towards the Ka'aba as he did on Safa. He goes back to Safa and carries on until he completes seven courses. His coming from Safa and going to Marwa is considered to be one course. He may say what ever he likes: Du'a, Quraan etc..
When he completes Sa'ee seven courses, he should shave or cut part (shorten) the hair on his head. Women are to cut only a finger tip's length from their hair.
Shaving is better than shortening because the Prophet (may peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) prayed for those who shaved three times and prayed for those who shortened once. The only exceptional case is when the time of Hajj is about to come**** is better for him to shorten so that he leaves some of his hair to be shaved or shortened in pilgrimage.
How to perform Hajj:
Pillars of Hajj:- (Arkan)
2. Standing in Arafat i.e. staying and supplication
3. Tawaf Al-Ifadah (Main Circumambulation)
4. Making Sa'ee between Safa and Marwah
Duties of Hajj: (Wajibat)
1. Ihram at Miqat (Station of Ihram)
2. Standing at Arafat till the sunset for those who stand there by noon.
3. Spending the night in Muzdalifa and leaving before sunrise except women and weak people who may proceed to Mina at any time after midnight.
4. Staying during the nights of Tashriq Days in Mina.
5. Pelting the three Jamarat during the Days of Tashriq (11th, 12th and 13th of Zul Hijja).
6. Shaving or shortening of hair after pelting Jamarat al-A'kaba.
7.Tawaf Al-Wadda (Farewell Circumambulation).
* He who leaves a pillar of Hajj, his Hajj will not be accepted unless he does this pillar (rukun).
* He who leaves a duty (Wajib), he should offer sacrifice for the poor of Al-Haram.
Forbidden Acts During the state of Ihram:
Applying perfume, trimming hair or clipping the nails, a male covering his head, killing or hunting animals of game, ***ual intercourse with your spouse, and its causes and stimulants, making a marriage contract, marriage proposal, wearing sewn clothes or boots or shoes reaching above the ankles, cutting or plucking of trees, plants or grass within the Sacred Precincts (Al-Haram).