A



Abrâr






Pious and righteous



Adab

Manners

'Adn
Paradise

Ahkâm
"Orders". According to Islâmic law, thre are five kinds of orders:
1. Compulsory (Wâjib)
2. Order without obligation (Mustahab)
3. Forbidden (Muharram)
4. Disliked but not forbidden (Makruh)
5. Legal and allowed (Halâl)

'Alamîn
Mankind, jinns and all that exists
Ameen / Amîn
A supplication meaning, "O Allah, respond (to or answer what we have said)."

'Aqeedah
The belief system that is based upon a firm conviction in all the fundamentals of faith and of the Oneness of Allah, i.e. creed
It is derived from the verb aqada meaning to firmly bind and knot. Whatsoever settles in the heart in a firm and definitive manner is said to be that person's aqeedah.
In the technical sense it refers to the definitive faith and certain ruling that is not open to any doubt. It is called aqeedah because the person binds his heart upon it.

Auliyâ
Friends, protectors, helpers, etc.

Ayât
Proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.





B

Bâtil






Falsehood



Bid'a

Innovation in ibaddah [worship], to be avoided! See article: Bid'a
• The Prophet, saaws, said: "If anyone introduces an innovation in the religion, he will be responsible for it. (Good or bad). If anyone introduces an innovation or gives ****ter to a man who introduces an innovation (in the religion) he is cursed by Allaah, by His angels and by all the people." [Dawud]
• The Prophet, saaws, said: "Whoever does an action which we (Allah and His Messenger) have not commanded it will be rejected." [Muslim - Sahih]
• Is of two types:
1. Bid’a mukaffarah - That which amounts to kufr and takes a person out of Islaam.
2. Bid’a mufassaqah - That which makes a person a faasiq but not a kaafir.

Bismillah
"In The Name of Allah", to be said by the Muslim before proceeding to do that which is halal (permissible).






D


Da'wah






Literally means "call", and in this sense it refers to calling to the Truth through preaching and propagation.



Dawat-us-salafiyyah

(also "Dawah Salafi", or "salafi dawah" although this is an english transposition of the two words- [say DOW-uh(t) uh sal-uh-FEE-uh])
Literally means call of the past, those who preceded us. This is the spreading of Islam in accordance with Qur'an and Sunnah, recognizing the understanding of the pious Salaf in this matter as being superior (more accurate) than modern ideas and inventions, with an intention to avoid innovation in ibaddah (an all encompassing word for worship, i.e. halal [permissible] acts of submission to Allah swt).

Deen
The Way of Life for a Muslim, i.e. religion

Dhu-Mahram
A male whom a woman can never marry because of close relationship (i.e. brother, father, uncle, etc.) or her own husband

Du'a
Supplication and Invocation to Allah, subhana watala

Dunya
This world or life, as opposed to the Hereafter






F

Fajarah






Wicked evil doers



Fajr

The obligatory (faard) salah (prayer) before sunrise

Fara'id (Faard)
Obligatory duties

Fâsiqûn
Rebellious, the disobedient to Allah swt

Fiqh
The meaning of the word fiqh is understanding, comprehension, knowledge, and jurisprudence in Islam. A jurist is called a Faqih who is an expert in matters of Islamic legal matters.

A Faqih is to pass verdicts within the rules of the Islamic Law namely Shariah.

The most famous scholars of Fiqh in the history Muslims are the founders of the four schools of thought in Islam: Imam Malik, Imam Ash-Shafi'i, Imam Abu Hanifah, and Imam Ahmad.
Anything or action in Islam falls within the following five categories of Fiqh:
1. Fardh (Must): This category is a must for the Muslim to do such as the five daily prayers. Doing the Fardh counts as a good deed, and not doing it is considered a bad deed or a sin.
It is also called Wajib except for Imam Abu Hanifah who makes Wajib a separate category between the Fardh and the Mubah.
2. Mandub (Recommended): This category is recommended for the Muslim to do such as extra prayers after Zuhr and Maghrib. Doing the Mandub counts as a good deed and not doing it does not count as a bad deed or a sin.
3. Mubah (Allowed): This category is left undecided and left for the person, such as eating apples or oranges. Doing or not doing the Mubah does not count as a good or bad deed.
Intention of the person can change Mubah to Fard, Mandub, Makruh, or Haram.
Other things could also change the status of the Mubah. For example, any Mubah becomes Haram if it is proven harmful, and any necessary thing to fulfill a Fardh is a Fardh too.
4. Makruh (Hated): This category is a detested and hated such as growing very long fingernails or sleeping on the stomach. Not doing the Makruh counts as a good deed and doing it does not count as a bad deed.
5. Haram (Prohibited): This category is prohibited for the Muslim to do such as stealing and lying. Doing the haram counts as a bad deed and not doing it counts as a good deed.

"Fiqh literally means, the true understanding of what is intended. An example of this usage can be found in the Prophet Muhammad's [saaws] statement?: "To whosever Allah wished good, he gives the Fiqh (true understanding) of the deen". Technically, however, fiqh referes to the science of deducing Islamic Laws from evidence found in the sources of Islamic law. By extension it also means the body of Islamic laws so deduced." -Abu Ameenah Bilal Philips in: 'The Evolution of Fiqh'

Fitnah
Polytheism and to disbelieve after one has believed in Allah, or a trial or a calamity, affliction or to set up rivals in worship with Allah, etc.

Fitrah
Islamic scholar al-Sayyuti said: "The best explanation of fitrah is that it is the Sunnah (way) of all of the Prophets which is in agreement with (all of) the revealed Laws, indicating that it is a response to naturally created inclinations."






G


Ghaib






Unseen





H



Hadith / Hadeeth






Literally means "something new". In Islam, refers to that which is attributed to the Prophet (saaws) as regards words, actions or tacit approval, physical features and characteristics



Halal

Permissible, lawful

Haraam
Prohibited, illegal

Hasan
Good or acceptable. Used to indicate authenticity of some reports

Hijab
Literally means Concealing, screening, protecting and is used to refer to the mandatory dress of the muslim, male or female. (Plural is hujub)
The root word of hijab is hajaba and that means: hajb (to veil), cover, screen, ****ter, seclude (from), to hide, obscure (from sight), to make imperceptible, invisible, to conceal, to make or form a separation (a woman), to disguise, masked, to conceal, hide, to flee from sight, veil, to veil, conceal, to cover up, become hidden, to be obscured, to vanish, to become invisible, disappear from sight, to veil, to conceal, to withdraw, to elude perception.
• Hajb: seclusion, screening off, keeping away, keeping off
• Hujub: cover, wrap, drape, a curtain, a woman's veil, screen, partition, folding screen, barrier
• Ihtijab: Concealment, hiddenness, seclusion, veildness, veiling, purdah
• Mahjub: concealed, hidden, veiled

Hijrah
Means migration. The Hijrah refers to the Prophet's migration from Mecca to Madinah. This journey took place in the twelfth year of his mission (622 C.E.). This is the beginning of the Muslim calendar. The word hijrah means to leave a place to seek sancturary or freedom from persecution or freedom of religion or any other purpose. Hijrah can also mean to leave a bad way of life for a good or more righteous way.

Hudud
The limits ordained by Allah. This includes the punishment for crimes.






I


Iblîs






A jinn and shaytaan (satan)



Iftar

To break the fast
Iqâmat-as-Salât
Offer prayers perfectly

Ilâh
Deity, lord, god

Imân (Eemân)
Faith

Islam
Submission to Allah's Will

Isnad
Has two meanings:
1. Ascribing a hadeeth back to the one who said it - connecting the chain of narration, and
2. The chain of narrators which reaches back to the text - which is the same as "as-sanad"

Istawa
Rose over - very important to understand in context of the ayat






J


Jahiliyyah






Extreme ignorance (jahl) and disbelief. Often used to describe the era that preceeded the revelation of the Qur'an, and ignorance in general.



Jihad

To fight and kill in the path of Allah, the enemies of Allah, for the cause of Allah. It can also be used to mean to strive in the path of Allah.

Jilbaab
A loose-fitting garment covering the entire body, so that the shape of the woman is not defined but hidden, including covering the head, face, and hands. (Plural is Jalabib)

Shaikh-ul-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah (Rahimahullah) relates:
"Women used to room about without Cloaks (Jilbaabs) and men used to see their faces and hands, but when the verse stating 'O Prophet! Tell your wives and your daughters and the women of the believers to draw their cloaks over themselves.' (Surah Al-Ahzaab,V.59) was revealed, then this was prohibited and women were ordered to wear the Jilbaab. ...The word Jilbaab means a sheet which Ibn Masood (Radhiallaahu Ánhu) explained as a cloak covering the entire body including the head, face and hands. Therefore, it is not permissible for the women to reveal the face and hands in public. [Ibn Taymiyyah's book on fatwaas Page# 110 Vol # 2 also in the book Hijaab Page # 15]

Jinn
A creation of Allah made from smokeless fire. They are also invited to accept Islam and will have to give account of their deeds on the Day of Judgement






K


Ka'ba






A square stone building in Al-Masjid-al-Haram (the well-known mosque at Makka) . Muslims line up in prayer facing towards this direction.



Kafarah

Disbelievers in Allah in His Oneness and in His Messenger Muhammad

Kâfirûn
Disbelievers in Allah, in His Oneness, in His Angels, in His Books, in His Messengers, in the Day of Resurrection, in Al-Qadar (Divine Preordainments, good or bad), etc.

Khabîth
evil

Khalafee
A person who chooses to follow the later generations of Muslims as opposed to the early ones

Khutbah
A speech or sermon. It is sometimes used to refer to the sermon given during the Friday congregational prayer.

Kuwwirat
Wound round and lost its light and is overthrown






L

Laghw






Dirty, false, evil vain talk





M



Madhdhab, Muthab






Way, school of thought, direction, manner, mode. A muslim should not follow a madhdhab when it contradicts clear proof in Quran and Sunnah.



Maulâ

Lord, Helper, Protector, Supporter, Patron

Mahram
A male, whom a woman can never marry because of close relationship (e.g. a brother, a father, an uncle etc.); or her own husband

Masjid
A place designated for salah. Called "Mosque" in English.

Minhaj
Methodology, e.g. methods, rules, system, procedures.

Muhsin
Good-doer, i.e. performs good deeds totally for Allah's sake only without any show off or to gain praise or fame etc., and in accordance with the Sunna of Allah's Messenger Muhammed

Munkar
Wrong, evil-doing, sins, polytheism, disbelief, etc.

Mushrikûn
Polytheists, pagans, idolaters, disbelievers in the ONeness of Allah, those who worship others along with Allah, and also those who set up rivals with (or partners to) Allah, swt, etc.

Mutaffifin
Those who give less in measure and weight (decrease the rights of others)

Mutawattir
Literally means "succession, consecutive." Islamically refers to hadith which is narrated by such a large number of people that it is impossible (Allahu Alim) that they have invented a lie. Its conditions :
1. That it be narrated by a large number of people. Scholars differ about the actual number required
2. That this number is found in every level of the isnaad
3. That it is impossible that they could have gathered together upon a lie

Muttaqûn
Pious and righteous persons who fear Allah swt much (abstain from all kinds of sins and evil deeds which Allah has forbidden) and love Allah much (perform all kinds of good deeds which Allah has ordained).






N


Nafs






Adam or a person or a soul etc.



Najaassa

Impurity

Nawâfil
Additional,optional practice of worshipprayers

Niqab
A face cover that is in an affixed position, i.e. a face veil.






Q


Qabîluhu






Satan's soldiers from the jinns or his tribe



Qadar

Decree, Preordainment of Allah's Will. One of the five pillars of Islam.

Qiblah
Prayer Direction (for Muslims, it is to face the Ka'ba)

Qudsi / Qudsee
That which is narrated to us from the Prophet (saaws) from his Lord, the Exalted and Mighty.

The difference between it and the Qur’aan - The most obvious differences are:
1. As for the Qur’aan, then its meaning and wording is from Allaah and the hadeeth qudsee, its meaning is from Allaah and its wording from the Prophet (saaws).
2. The Qur’aan is recited in Prayer as part of worship, but the hadeeth qudsee is not.
3. The Qur’aan is all mutawaatir and the hadeeth qudsee does not have to be.
Compilations of ahaadeeth qudseeyyah:


• "al-Ittihaafaatus-Saniyyah bil Ahaadeethil Qudseeyyah" - `Abdur-Ra’oof al-Manaawee, which contains 272 hadeeth.