ADVERBS - FUNCTION

Adverbs modify, or tell us more about other words, usually verbs:
Examples

* The bus moved slowly.
* The bears ate greedily.

Sometimes they tell us more about adjectives:
Examples

* You look absolutely fabulous!

They can also modify other adverbs:
Examples

* She played the violin extremely well.
* You're speaking too quietly.
How adverbs are formed
Rules

1. In most cases, an adverb is formed by adding '-ly' to an adjective:
Adjective Adverb

cheap
quick
slow


cheaply
quickly
slowly
Examples:

* Time goes quickly.
* He walked slowly to the door.
* She certainly had an interesting life.
* He carefully picked up the sleeping child.

Rules

If the adjective ends in '-y', replace the 'y' with 'i' and add '-ly':

Adjective

easy
angry
happy
lucky


Adverb

easily
angrily
happily
luckily

If the adjective ends in -'able', '-ible', or '-le', replace the '-e' with '-y':


probable
terrible
gentle


probably
terribly
gently

If the adjective ends in '-ic', add '-ally':


basic
economic
tragic


basically
economically
tragically

Note: Exception: public - publicly

2. Some adverbs have the same form as the adjective:
Adjective and Adverb

early
fast
hard
high


late
near
straight
wrong

Compare:

* It is a fast car.
* He drives very fast.
* This is a hard exercise.
* He works hard.
* We saw many high buildings.
* The bird flew high in the sky.

3. 'Well' and 'good'

'Well' is the adverb that corresponds to the adjective 'good'.
Examples:

* He is a good student.
* He studies well.
* She is a good pianist.
* She plays the piano well.
* They are good swimmers.
* They swim well.

يتبع