Mothers of the Believers




Mothers of the Believers (The Prophet’s Wives)

Mother of the Believers is the Islamic term called the wives of the Prophet of Islam Muhammad bin Abdullah.

The wives of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) are called the Mothers of the Believers, may Allaah be pleased with them, as a way of honouring them and giving them a noble position. Allaah granted them the honour of being the Mothers of the Believers,
as He Says (what means)..


{The Prophet is closer to the believers than their ownselves, and his wives are their (believers’) mothers (as regards respect and marriage)}. [Quran 6:66]

There were eleven Mothers of the Believers. Two of them died during the lifetime of the Prophet (peace be upon him)..(Khadeejah and Zainab Bint Khuzaymah, may Allaah be pleased with them. When the Prophet (peace be upon him) died, he left nine wives.

All of them were buried in Al-Baqee’ in Madeenah except Khadeejah, may Allaah be pleased with her, who was buried in Al-Hujoon in Makkah and Maymoonah Bint Al-Haarith, may Allaah be pleased with her, who was buried in Saraf near Makkah.

According to the chronological order of their marriage to the Prophet (peace be upon him), the Mothers of the Believers were:…



Khadijah bint Khuwaylid:…
She was the first woman whom the Prophet,(peace be upon him), married. Hence she was the first Mother of the Believers. The Prophet,(peace be upon him), married her before Prophethood when he was twenty five years old while she was forty. She lived with the Prophet for twenty-five years. The Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, did not marry a second wife during her life time.
All the offspring of the Prophet (peace be upon him) were from Khadeejah, except Ibraheem. Their sons and daughters were Al-Qasim, `Abdullaah, Zaynab, Ruqyyah, Um Kulthoom and Faathimah, may Allaah be pleased with them.




Sawda bint Zam’a:…
The Prophet (peace be upon him) married her in Makkah before migration after the death of his wife Khadeejah.




A’isha bint Abu Bakr:…
The Prophet (peace be upon him) married her in Makkah before the migration but did not consummate the marriage until he was in Madeenah when she was nine years old. She was the only virgin wife whom the Prophet (peace be upon him) married.
‘Aa’ishah, may Allaah be pleased with her, was the most beloved wife to the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) as her father Abu Bakr As-Siddeeq, may Allaah be pleased with him, was the most beloved man to him.




Hafsa bint ‘Umar:…
she was daughter of Umar (‘Umar bin Al-Khattab), was widowed at battle of Badr when her husband Khunais ibn Hudhaifa was killed in action. Muhammad(peace be upon him) married her in 3 A.H./625 C.E.[20]




Zaynab bint Khuzayma:…
The Prophet (peace be upon him) married her in Ramadhaan on the third Hijri year after his marriage to Hafsah Bint `Umar Al-Khattaab, may Allaah be pleased with her. She was known as “the mother of the needy” because she used to feed them and be generous to them.




Umm Salama:…
Her name was Hind Bint Umayyah Al-Makhzoomyyah. She embraced Islam early along with her husband, Abu Salamah and migrated to Ethiopia and later to Madeenah. The Prophet (peace be upon him) married her after the death of her husband, Abu Salamah, may Allaah be pleased with her, in the fourth Hijri year.




Zaynab bint Jahsh:…
The Prophet (peace be upon him) was commanded by Allaah to marry her in the fifth Hijri year. Previously, she had been married to the revered companion Zayd Ibn Haarithah, may Allaah be pleased with him, but he divorced her because of their unstable marital life.




Juwayriya bint al-Harith:…
The Prophet (peace be upon him) married her in Sh`abaan in the sixth Hijri year after the Battle of Banu Al-Mustaliq. She was taken captive in this battle and the Prophet (peace be upon him) freed and married her.




Safiyah Bint Huyeiy Ibn Akhtab:…
The Prophet (peace be upon him) married her after the Battle of Khaybar on the seventh Hijri year. In this battle, the Muslims were victorious and they conquered the castles of Khaybar, and Safiyyah was one of the prisoners of war.
She was about seventeen years old and the Prophet (peace be upon him) freed her and married her. She embraced Islam and became a pious Muslim.




Um Habiba:…
Her name is Ramlah Bint Abu Sufyaan Ibn Harb (may Allaah be pleased with her). The Prophet (peace be upon him) married her after her husband `Ubaydullaah Ibn Jahsh apostated when they were in Ethiopia. The Prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, sent a message to Negus authorizing him to marry her to him (peace be upon him) and the marriage contract was made while she was in that country.




Maimoonah bint al-Haarith:…
She was the last wife the Prophet (peace be upon him) married. He married her when he was making up for the previous year’s `Umrah on the seventh Hijri year and he consummated the marriage after he left Makkah in Thul Q’idah, 7 A.H. in a place near Makkah called Saraf.
Maymoonah, may Allaah be pleased with her, lived long after the death of the Prophet (peace be upon him) and she asked to be buried in Saraf where the Prophet (peace be upon him) met her and consummated his marriage with her.