بسم الله الرحم الرحيم

Prepositions = أحرف الجر

Prepositions are words that are usually followed by nouns
or pronouns. A noun or pronoun that comes after a preposition is calles the ****** of the preposition

Below there are some of the most common prepositions, their meanings and examples on each one of them

1- About
(عن) a. On the subject of
This is a story about elephants
(ما يقارب) b. Approximately
He is about ten years old

2- Above
(أعلى من - فوق) a. Higher than; over
The plane flew above the clouds

3- Across
(عبر) a. From one side to the other
We walked across the field
(في الجهة المقابلة) b. On the other side of
There is a store across the street

4- After
(بعد {زمان}) a. Later in time
after ten o'clock; after lunch
(وراء {مكان}) b. In pursuit of
The dog ran after the cat

5- Against
(ضد) a. In opposition to
Theft is against the law
(على بمعنى يسند الشيء بمحاذاة شيء آخر) b. Touching; supported by
I leaned my bicycle against the wall

6- Along
(على طول مثلا الطريق - الشارع) a. Following the length of
We walked along the road

7- Among
(بين مجموعة اي ثلاثة و ما فوق) a. Within a group
The money was shared among three people

8- Around
( حول) a. Circling something
We walked around the block
(حول) b. Surrounding
There is a fence around the garden
( في أرجاء مختلفة من المكان)c. In different parts of
I looked around the house for the keys
(ما يقارب) d. Approximately
He is around six feet tall

9- At
(في مكان او موقع محدد) a. A specific ********
at 23 Chestnut Street; at the park
(في زمن محدد) b. A point in time
at 5 o'clock; at night
(في حالة او وضع معين) c. A condition
at peace; at war; at rest
(في نشاط ما) d. An activity
at work; at school; at play
(في اتجاه) e. Towards
Look at someone; wave at someone

10- Before
(قبل) a. Earlier in time
before two o'clock; before Christmas
(قبل) b. Earlier in a series
S comes before T in the alphabet

11- Behind
(خلف) a. At the back of
The little girl hid behind her mother.
(متأخر) b. Late
I am behind in my work
(خلف بمعنى سبب) c. Cause; origin
Who was behind that idea

12- Below
(تحت) a. Lower than; under
below freezing; below sea level

13- Beneath
. (تحت) Lower than; below
beneath the earth

14- Beside

(بجانب) Next to; at the side of
I sit beside her in class

15- Besides
(أيضاً - بالإضافة إلى) Also; as well as
We study other ********s besides English

16- Between
(بين موقعين او مكانين) a. An intermediate ********:
Toronto lies between Montreal and Vancouver.
(بين زمانين او مناسبتين) b. An intermediate time
between Christmas and New Year's Day
(بين شيئين في سلسلة) c. Intermediate in a series:
B comes between A and C in the alphabet.
(بين مجموعتين) d. Within a group of two:
The money was shared between two people

17- Beyond
(أبعد من) a. Farther than
The mountains lie beyond the horizon.
(يفوق) b. Further than; exceeding
That was beyond my expectations.

18- But
(ما عدا - إلاّ) Except:
I have read all but the last chapter.

19- By
(قرب) a. Near
a house by the sea
(مروراً) b. Past
He waved as he drove by the house.
(بوحدة قياس معينة) c. In units of
cheaper by the dozen; sold by weight
(ب - من خلال) d. Through the means of
travel by plane; written by him

Soon enough i will continue the other prepositions